It’s been a while since what we call “Software as a Service” was introduced. Would you believe 60 years? Yes, when time-sharing mainframes became available to academia and corporations – at quite a price for the day – we saw the first glimpse of what we now use, buy from, develop for, and bet our companies on every day.
It is on this foundation, and the introduction of the World Wide Web in 1993, that organizations of all kinds began to get serious about team collaboration. After the “personal productivity” era that had spanned 20 years before, organizations of all kinds began to embrace the concept of working together, just more virtually. Early entrants into the team collaboration space included solutions from IBM®, Intuit® and Microsoft®. This ‘90s-born groundswell of interest in team productivity – workflow, security, task and calendar sharing – created opportunities for software companies to add collaboration features to their network and client-server offerings.
As the market evolved and companies came and went, we experienced a settling of collaboration services into three general classifications:
Following a decade of communications-based collaboration (primarily instant messaging and email) came web-based team “spaces.” Teams work asynchronously or real-time in spaces or applications online, with secure content, document sharing, tasks, shared calendars, and light workflow. (ex: Lotus Quickr, Microsoft SharePoint, IBM Connections, Jive, Google Groups)
Industry or job-specific functions, customizable to a company’s specific needs, yet with “purpose-fit” parameters, core features and user roles (ex: Salesforce.com, IBM Kenexa, Plex)
An online platform, or workspace, that serves different purposes to different audiences, even in the same application space. Implements and consumes collaboration “services” such as messaging, workflow, security, self-service attributes, and information visualization. Implements APIs for integration and “developers didn’t envision that” customizations (ex: Intuit QuickBase, IBM Domino)
Of course, there are extensions to all of the above that allow them to defy classification or be compared across categories. As well, integration between and amongst the collaboration platforms available in the cloud is quite possible (for instance, surfacing a report from QuickBase in Connections, or using the Connections profile business card across platforms). These efforts range from simple to highly complex, but shouldn’t be dismissed as impossible.
My take is that there will continue to be opportunities for growth in all three segments, but another dynamic will drive development and evolution of them all – the increased emphasis on and acceptance of these solutions in the cloud. Hence, we will see more solutions introduced or repositioned as “Collaboration as a Service.” While some solutions were actually “born there,” others still have to undergo major adjustments and growing pains in order to properly address the imperatives of both cloud computing and use as an extranet. When enterprise solutions undergo these pains to evolve, unfortunately, so do their customers. However there may be a way to ease that suffering for customers, by providing strategy advice in addition to simply hosting solutions.
When searching for an online collaboration service, it is critical not only to assess basic capabilities, but also to understand where in the evolution from “internal to external” focus the solutions fall. Interactions with corporate directories, firewall sensitivities, security protocols, data schemas, network bandwidth, contracting dynamics and APIs all play a part in understanding the readiness of a given solution for a given purpose and audience. In collaboration strategy, this is called governance – and it dovetails with cultural assessment, adoption strategy and integration strategy.
As Collaboration as a Service evolves and “grows up” in the coming years, we can expect organizations to get more comfortable with team collaboration being managed outside the firewall as the major players make their adjustments to meet evolving demands. With economies of scale, providers can earn profits, but with attention to the cultural, adoption, governance, and integration needs of their customers, providers – either directly or through their business partner networks – can earn something even more precious – loyalty and respect.
Join me as I discuss Collaboration as a Service, the future of teamwork and business processes in a Webinar on Wednesday, June 25 at 10:00 a.m. EDT / 4:00 p.m. CEST.